Fortress of Deva, located on top of a volcanic hill, was built in the 13th century.
It is one of the most important fortifications in Transilvania, Romania.
The name ”Deva” is considered to come from the ancient Dacian word ”dava,” which literally translates as “fortress.”
You can find this fortress on a hill, the northernmost reach of the small Poiana Rusca Mountains, which has been declared a nature reserve in 1958, with rich vegetation and its rocks being home to the venomous nose-horned viper (also known as the horned adder).
Many artifacts dating from the Bronze Age found in the area indicate that Deva region has been inhabited since at least 450 BC.
There is also a rumor that the name Deva may have been given to the area in early 100s AD by the leaders of the Roman Legion Augusta II, that has been transferred from Castra Devana (Castrum Deva) in Britania (in the present day is the city of Chester in England) to the newly conquered territory of Dacia.
The first evidence of the Deva Fortress dates back to the 2nd half of the 13th century, in 1269, when Stephen V, King of Hungary and Duke of Transylvania, mentioned “the royal castle of Deva” in a privilege grant for the Count Chyl of Kelling.
How to reach the Fortress of Deva (Cetatea Deva)?
In order to get to Deva from Timisoara, you must take E 70 to Lugoj, continue from Lugoj to Faget and when you reach E 68, make a right and Deva is just 15 km away. To reach Deva from Arad take E 68.
From Bucharest take A1 to Pitesti, then take E 81 to Ramnicu Valcea and continue to Sibiu. From Sibiu take E68 to Sebes, Orastie, Simeria, and Santuhalm.
Furthermore, access to the fortress is also possible by cable car (the two-way ticket is 10RON – about 2€). The cable car is the easiest access for tourists but on foot is a great way to connect with nature.