Here are top 25 interesting facts about Chad, Africa:
#1 Chad, also known as “The Babel Tower of the World,“ with 496,000 square miles (1,284,000 square kilometers) is the 5th largest country in Africa and the 21th largest country in the world (ahead of many nations, like – Finland, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Japan) – in terms of land area.
#2 It has a total boundary length of 3,708 miles (5,968 km).
#3 This country is bounded on the east by Sudan, on the north by Libya, on the south-west by Cameroon, on the south by the Central African Republic, and on the west by Niger and Nigeria.
#4 In 1920, the French took full control and made this country part of the French Equatorial Africa (AEF). After a 40-year French occupation, on August 11, 1960, it became one of Africa’s 1st independent countries in the latter part of the 20th century.
#5 It is divided into 22 regions which are headed by a presidentially appointed governor. These twenty-two regions are split into 61 departments, that are further subdivided into 200 sub-prefectures.
#6 On January 2015, this country sent troops to Nigeria to help fight Boko Haram, the fundamentalist Islamist group (led by Abubakar Shekau until August 2016) which believes Western education is a sin.
#7 N’Djamena is the capital of this French-speaking nation and is located on the southwestern border, close to Cameroon. In 1900, N’Djamena was founded by Émile Gentil, at French commander, and named Fort-Lamy.
#8 The capital city covers an area of 100 square kilometers (39 square miles) and has a population of 721,081 in 2017. It is one of the world’s hottest capital cities with monthly high temperature averaging 96.4 degrees Fahrenheit (35.8 degrees Celsius). In 2006 and 2008, N’Djamena was the scene of a few days of fighting between rebel forces and government.
#9 Moundou is the 2nd largest city in this country and is also the capital of the region of Logone Occidental. Moundou is the site of a cotton-research institute established in 1939.
#11 The religion practiced in this country includes – Roman Catholic, Muslim, animist, Protestant, and Atheist.
#12 The population of this country is 14,89 million in 2017.
#13 With about 1,100 mothers die per 100,000 births, it has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world.
#14 In 2003, a $4 billion pipeline linking the oilfields of this country to terminals on the Atlantic coast was completed. This pipeline has 1070 km and transports crude oil from rich-oil fields in southwestern part of the country to a floating facility 11 km off the Cameroon coast. Oil revenues are estimated around $2.5 billion over the next three decades.
#15 Pope John Paul II, the head of the Catholic Church from 1978 to 2005, visited this country in 1990.
#16 Zakouma National Park is a fantastic national park, that is located between Am Timan and Sarh, in the south part of the country. Zakouma National Park was created in 1963 and has an area of about 1,200 sq miles (3,000 square kilometers).
#17 The Tibesti Mountains (literally translating as the “place where the mountain people live”) are a mountain range in the central Sahara, mainly located in the north part of the country. The Tibesti Mountains are rich in minerals, including tin, tungsten, as well as oil.
#18 Emi Koussi is a pyroclastic shield volcano which lies at the southeast end of the Tibesti Mountains. Access to this remote region is very challenging with the only public transportation available is on top of cargo trucks.
#19 Lakes of Ounianga are a series of lakes in the north-eastern part of the country, in the Sahara Desert, occupying a basin west of the Tibesti Mountains and Ennedi East. Lakes of Ounianga constitutes a remarkable natural landscape of great beauty with striking shapes and colors.
#20 Aloba Arch is the name of a natural arch located about 60 miles south-east of the town of Fada, in the Ennedi Range of the Sahara Desert in the northeastern part of the country.
#21 The Guelta d’Archei is an oasis which is located in the Ennedi Plateau, south-east of the town of Fada, in the north-eastern section of the country. The Guelta d’Archei is most likely the most famous guelta in the world, and hundreds of camels are herded into the knee-deep water by passing caravans for them to drink and rest.
#22 The area around Lake Chad (meaning “large expanse of water”) has been inhabited since at least 500 B.C. The lake has been considerably reduced in size since the 1960s. It is one of the world’s leading producers of wild spirulina – probably the most nutrient-dense food on the planet.
#23 The millet beer (named – bili bili) and fruit juices are traditional beverages in this country.
#24 Japhet N’Doram is a retired Chadian footballer who played as a striker.
#25 Hissène Habré is a renowned Chadian politician, best known as Chad’s President from 1982 until 1990.