Modern Finland integrates the natural gifts bestowed upon the land with state-of-the-art technologies allowing it to be easily discovered.
It is the most sparsely-populated country in the EU, with only sixteen people per square km.
Here are top interesting facts about Finland:
#1 It is bordered to the north by Norway, to the southwest by the Gulf of Bothnia, to the east by Russia, and to the northwest by Sweden.
#2 The total area is 338,424 km2, making it the eighth largest country in Europe.
#3 The country declared its independence on December 6, 1917. Before that, this land belonged to Russia or Sweden.
#4 In 1550, Sweden’s King Gustavus Vasa founded Helsinki, near Vantaanjoki River (a 101-kilometre long river) to challenge the capital of Estonia – Tallinn, for Baltic Sea trade.
#5 Helsinki became the capital in the year 1812. Approximately 1/5 Finnish people live in the Helsinki metropolitan area.
#6 Finland’s Rovaniemi (Lapland), the ”official hometown of Santa Claus,” is one of the main attractions for many people. Lapland is also one of the best places to view the breathtaking Northern Lights.
#7 The number of reindeer in Lapland is roughly 200,000, mostly running free.
#8 The highest point in this country is Haltiatunturi (1,328 m), also known as Ráisduattarháld, in Finnish Lapland.
#9 This country is not a member of NATO – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
#10 There are two official languages – Finnish – spoken by 88.9 percent – (also known as Suomi – a non-Indo-European language belonging to the same family, with Hungarian and Estonian) and Swedish – spoken by 5.3 percent. In addition, Sámi is the mother tongue of about 1,900 people, members of the indigenous Sámi people which live in the northern Lapland.
#11 The total population is over 5.439 million as of 2013.
#12 Finland is a member of the European Union since 1995 and its currency is the euro.
#13 The international dialing code for the country is +358.
#14 This country is traditionally Evangelical Lutheran (76,4 percent).
#15 The life expectancy in the country is 80.63 years (2012).
#16 The Päijänne Water Tunnel (120 km) is the world’s 2nd longest (after the Delaware Aqueduct in the USA) and Europe’s longest tunnel. This amazing tunnel ends at the Silvola reservoir in Vantaa.
#17 The Finnish word for money was derived from the word ”Raha,” that literally translates as ”animal pelt.”
#18 This country is called ”the land of the thousand lakes, ”as it has approximately 187,888 lakes (about 10 percent of the country) and 179,584 islands. Plus, over 70 percent of the country is covered by forests.
#19 The name ”Molotov cocktail” (known in Finnish as Molotovin koktaili or Polttopullo) was first coined by the Finns during the Winter war of 1939 to 1940.
#20 The Finns are, perhaps surprisingly, the biggest coffee drinkers in the world. On average, per person, they consume 26.4 pounds of the coffee per year. For comparison’s sake, Spain consumes only 4.5 kilos annually and Italy consumes only 5.7 kilos per year. Furthermore, Finnish workers are legally required to be given an official coffee break.
#21 This country has obtained a medal at every Olympic game since 1908.
#22 It ranks seventh in the “Good Country Index”, a Simon Anholt project that measures how much each country enriches to the common good of the entire planet.
#23 Rovio Entertainment, a company founded in 2003, the creator of the phone app Angry Birds, is from this country. Angry Birds hit the App Store in December 2009 and presently has more than 75 million downloads.
#24 Linus Benedict Torvalds, native from Helsinki, is the main driver behind Linux – an open source operating system.
#25 Nokia developed Finland’s first mobile phone network. The company was established by mining engineer Fredrik Idestam in 1865. Additionally, the world’s first satellite call was made in 1994, using a Nokia GSM handset.
#26 In addition, in this country they have National Sleepy Head day (Finnish: Unikeonpäivä), where the last person in a family to wake up is having water thrown on them or is thrown into a lake by the rest of the family.
#27 There are around 2.2 million saunas in this country, 1 for every 2.5 people. Also, 99 percent of Finns take a sauna at least weekly. It is said that in this country, there are more business agreements made in saunas than in actual meetings.
#28 “The land of midnight sun” is another name of this country because in the summer the sun shines all night and all day.
#29 It hosts the Wife Carrying World Championships (in which male competitors race while each carrying a female teammate) every year.
#30 The country has the most number of heavy metal bands per capita in the world (53 heavy metal bands per 100,000 people).