Here are top interesting facts about Honduras:
#1 This country is bordered to the southwest by El Salvador, to the west by Guatemala, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, to the southeast by Nicaragua, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a 10,000 km2 tri-national body of coastal and marine waters.
#2 It has a total area of 43,278 square miles (112,090 square kilometers), making it the 102nd (out of 251) largest country in the world.
#3 This land was discovered by Christopher Columbus and was the most important silver and gold mining center in Central America during colonial times.
#4 It became an independent nation in 1821, thanks to the efforts of revolutionary leader Francisco Morazan (who was also the president of the Federal Republic of Central America from 1830 to 1839). Independence day is celebrated on September 15th every year.
#5 In the 1980s, the US saw this country as an important strategic ally in Central America and donates more than two hundred million dollars each year.
#6 It was the 1st country to be nicknamed a “Banana Republic” and this term was first used by the American writer William Sydney Porter.
#7 This country is divided into 18 different departments which are led by a detached governor by the President.
#8 Tegucigalpa, also known as Tegus, is the capital of Honduras and is made up of 2 cities, Tegucigalpa and Comayaguela. The capital has a population of around 1.19 million (in 2016) people and sits at an elevation of 3,200 feet above sea level.
#9 Tegucigalpa serves as the administrative and political center of the nation. The city is not served by a railroad but there is an international airport. In addition, it has diverse light industry, including the production of sugar, textiles, and tobaccos.
#10 The national flag is very significant and consists of top and blue bottom stripes that symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Moreover, the flag has 5 stars on it which symbolize the 5 Central American countries and this country as it is the only one that touches all of them.
#11 Most people here are mestizo that speak Spanish (the official language), with English common on the Bay Islands and northern coast. Other languages spoken by people here are Miskito, Garifuna, and other local languages spoken by native people.
#12 The main religious groups are Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Episcopal, Mennonite, Jehovah’s Witness, and around 300 evangelical Protestant groups.
#13 The national currency is the lempira, named after an Indian chief who fought the war against Spanish army.
#14 Honduran food mainly consists of beans, chicken, corn, jalapeños, eggs, rice, tamales, potatoes, or fried fish.
#15 Life expectancy in Honduras is 73.14 years (2014).
#16 Natural resources include – zinc, iron ore, silver, gold, copper, timber, and coal.
#17 It was the 1st country to ban smoking in your own home. In addition, smokers must always stand 2 meters away from non-smokers.
#18 Important cultural festivals include La Ceiba Carnival in May and Independence day on Sept. 15. Another important celebration is the Easter Week, and during that time the streets are flooded with people.
#19 Children’s Day, better known as Dia del Nino, is celebrated on September 10th every year. Dia del Nino is organized to recognize the importance of youth and childhood. As a side note, it is celebrated in a similar way people would celebrate a birthday party or Christmas in the United States.
#20 Cerro Las Minas at 9,416 feet (2,870 meters) above sea level is the highest mountain in this country. In 1987, a national park was established, named – the Celaque National Park and it includes approximately 65,730 acres (266 square kilometers) of surrounding territory.
#21 The Great Mayan Reef, also known as The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System or Great Maya Reef, is an amazing marine region which spans over 620 miles (1,000 kilometers) from Isla Contoy (a small island in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo) at the tip of the Yucatan Peninsula down to the Bay Islands.
#22 The Great Mayan Reef includes numerous protected parks and areas, such as – the Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park, Belize Barrier Reef, Sian Ka’an biosphere reserve, Hol Chan Marine Reserve, and the Cayos Cochinos Marine Park.
#23 La Ciudad Blanca is an ancient city which was said to be located in the eastern part of the country. Interest in this ancient city grew in the 1990s as many explorers searched for it.
#24 Hurricane Mitch was the 2nd deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record. For instance, the President of the country estimated that this hurricane set back 50 years of economic development. In total, somewhere between 11,000 and 18,000 individuals are considered to have died during the hurricane, making it the most deadly storm since the Great Hurricane of the Antilles of 1780.
#25 On July 14, 1969, El Salvador and Honduras went to war for 100 hours. During this war, 6000 lives were lost and more than 12,000 were wounded. Additionally, approximately 50,000 individuals rendered homeless after this war. Furthermore, this war is commonly named ”The Football War” or ”The Soccer War,” but the actual real cause for the hostility between these countries ran far deeper.
#26 The national motto is “Libre, Soberana e Independiente” which means – “Free, Sovereign and Independent.”