Learn some cool and interesting facts about Ghana:
1 A West African country, Ghana (the word literally translates as “Warrior King”), bordering the Gulf of Guinea, is bounded by Burkina Faso to the north, Côte d’Ivoire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Togo to the east.
2 It was colonized for more than 100 years by The British Empire, who named the country “The Gold Coast” because of the abundance of Gold it had in the soil. On March 6th, 1957, it became the 1st independent Sub-Saharan African state. Following its independence, this country underwent a few reorganizations that lead the country to be divided into 10 regions.
3 Similar to other post-colonial countries, it chose a communist ideology (that supports the idea of a one-party state) as a layout for its political system. However, in April 1992, a constitution was adopted in a referendum which allowed for a multi-party system, leading in a period of democracy.
4 Accra, the capital city, is a port on the Gulf of Guinea. Established in 1877, it was the capital of the British colony, Gold Coast, and presently is an important manufacturing, commercial, and communications center. Moreover, this is the city where you can find Kotoka International Airport.
6 The currency unit is called the cedi which has 100 pesewas. Prior to the cedi, the British pound was the official currency.
7 There are three main religions in this country, with Christians being the leading religion, followed by Islam.
8 The national flag has 3 equal horizontal bands, starting from the top – red, yellow, and green with a black 5-pointed star centered in the yellow band.
9 This country is Africa’s 2nd largest producer of gold. Furthermore, it is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world. Other natural resources include – industrial diamonds, timber, manganese, bauxite, rubber, fish, silver, hydropower petroleum, limestone, and salt. In 2013, GDP was 48.14 billion USD.
10 Polygamy is legal and authorities do not have any problem with the polygamous families if the breadwinner can provide food and shelter for the families.
11 In 2013, this country had a population of 25.9 million which translates in a population density of 201 persons per sq mi (78 persons per sq km). In 2006, it celebrated being the first country in Sub-Saharan Africa to achieve the target of cutting the proportion of the population living in extreme poverty by half, well ahead of the 2015 deadline.
12 According to a 2016 statistic by the Global Peace Index, this country is the second most peaceful nation in Africa (after Botswana) and ranked 44th internationally.
13 The highest point in the country is at Mount Afadjato, located in the Volta Region, which is about 885 m (2,905ft) high. From this marvelous peak, climbers can enjoy amazing panoramic views of surrounding forests, villages, valleys mountains, and Volta Lake. According to a local legend, the name of this mountain is derived from the word – “Ewe” which translates as ”at war with bush.”
14 Mole National Park, established in 1964, is located in northwest part of the country on grassland savanna at an elevation of 150 m. This national park is home to several species of mammals and birds and covers an estimated 4,577 square kilometers. About 14,000 tourists visit Mole National Park annually, around 50% are Ghanaians and the rest are foreign tourists.
15 Lake Bosumtwi, situated within an ancient impact crater (occurring approximately 1.07 million years ago) that is approximately 6.5 miles (10.5 kilometers) in diameter. It is located 27 kilometers (17 miles) southeast of Kumasi, in the Ashanti Region. Lake Bosumtwi is viewed as a sacred place by the Ashanti people, plus, it is fed only by rain – it does not have any outlets or inlets.
16 Kofi Annan, the 7th secretary-general of UN – the United Nations, is renowned for his serene, cautious style of diplomacy. He was awarded the Peace Prize for having given priority to human rights and for having revitalized the United Nations. His father was a governor and chief of the Ashanti province.
17 Ferdie Ato Adoboe, also known as the “Father of Speed Juggling,” had set a world record by running 100 meters backwards in 13.6 seconds.
18 Kwame Nkrumah-Acheampong, better known as ”the Snow Leopard,” is the first Ghanaian Olympic skier. He was born in Glasgow, a Scottish city, but he was raised in Accra. The Snow Leopard first learned to ski on artificial slopes in the United Kingdom, after he returned to the UK to continue his studies.
19 Lake Volta, created in 1996 by constructing a 124m tall and 370m wide dam at Akosombo in the southern part of the country, lies along the Greenwich meridian and just 6 degrees of latitude north of the Equator. With a surface area of 3,275 square miles, it is the largest man-made lake in the world. Lake Volta construction involved the inundation of 740 villages and 15,000 homes and the resettlement of 78,000 locals. This remarkable reservoir plays an essential role in local transportation, granting an easy mobility waterway to both cargo ships and ferries.
20 Soccer is the most popular sport in the country, plus, the team usually participates in the World Cup and Africa Cup of Nations. The national team is nicknamed the Black Stars after the national flag and they have won the Africa Cup of Nations 4 times as well as runners-up 4 times.