Here are the top cool, fun, and interesting facts about Hawaii:
#1 The state of Hawaii, also known as the Big Island, is an island group situated in the northern Pacific Ocean, approximately 3,900 kilometers (2,400 miles) south-west of San Francisco. The smallest of the five Pacific states, it ranks 47th in size among the US 50 states.
#2 It is believed that its name originates from the word ”hawaiki,” which is a Proto-Polynesian word literally translating ”the place of the gods” or ”homeland.”
#3 This state is the most isolated populated group of islands on Earth – 3,850 miles from Japan and 2,390 miles from California. The Hawaiian archipelago spans the distance of 2,451 kilometers (1,523 miles), making it the longest island chain in the world.
#4 It is believed that the earliest inhabitants of these remarkable islands were Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas Islands. Also, in 1178, Captain James Cook, the British explorer, made the first recorded European contact with the natives of these islands.
#5 During the late 1800s, locals developed an export economy based on pineapple and sugar cultivation, drawing many Asian immigrant workers to the farms.
#6 It was an independent republic from 1894 until August 12, 1898. However, on August 21, 1959, this state officially became a territory of the US.
#7 There are 124 smaller uninhabited islands and 8 main ones. The Big Island (at 4,038 square miles) is twice the size of all the other islands combined. The smallest “major” island is Kahoolawe (meaning “The One That Was Taken Away”) measuring 45 square miles.
#8 Kilauea is a shield volcano, located on the southeastern side of the Big Island, and is now considered one of the most active volcanoes worldwide. This volcano emerged from the sea more than 50,000 years ago and it is currently one of the most long-lived eruptions known on our planet, that started in 1983.
#9 Mount Waialeale on Kauai (elevation of 1,569 meters) receives 460 inches of rain annually and is the wettest place on Earth.
#10 The capital is Honolulu and is located on the island of Oahu. Oahu, also called “The Gathering Place,” is also a major hub for military defense, international business, plus, it is a host of a diverse variety of Pacific and east-west cuisine, culture, and traditions.
#11 Watersports rule in this state, particularly in Oahu, that has more than 600 surfing sites, including the Banzai Pipeline, notorious for huge waves that break in shallow water.
#12 Honolulu International Airport on Oahu is an important airport that serves as the entry point for most of Hawaii’s tourists. Since most visitors in this state enter the islands through this city, this is not a quiet place.
#13 The official flag of this state was commissioned by King Kamehameha I (also known as Kamehameha the Great) in 1816. In 1810, he had unified all the islands, using a schooner armed with a cannon. The flag has 8 red and white stripes (representing each of the big islands) and an upper left-hand corner design.
#14 Hawaii is the only U.S. state with a majority of Asian American population. Moreover, it is the only U.S. state which commercially grows cacao, coffee, and vanilla beans.
#15 The hula is a traditional Hawaiians dance which tells a story through movement. A hula dancer typically wears a flower necklace, a leaf skirt or a grass skirt, and occasionally a flower in the hair.
#16 It is the only US state with 2 official languages: Hawaiian and English. The Hawaiian alphabet has 12 letters. The 7 consonants are H,K,L,M,N,P,W and the 5 vowels are A,E,I,O,U.
#17 In addition to the well-known forces of soil erosion, according to recent studies, these amazing islands are experiencing considerable erosion because of the groundwater under the islands.
#18 Astronauts trained for moon journeys by walking on Mauna Loa’s hardened lava fields in the 1960s.
#19 Hawaii-born Barack Obama (in 1961) was elected president of the US. If this state had become a US state 2 years later than it did, Obama could not have become United States’ president.
#20 This state became the first US state to legalize abortion. It was 3 years before Roe v. Wade, a landmark decision by the US Supreme Court about abortion.
#21 On December 7, 1941, Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor close to the capital. At the time of the attack, these islands were an American military – home to the U.S. Navy’s Pacific Fleet. The Japanese attack was directly responsible for U.S. entry into World War II.
#22 According to a local legend, two deities (the demi-god Kamapuaʻa and the volcano goddess Pele) struck a deal to make the vast Big Island’s west side dry, and its east side wet.
#23 On May 17, 1979, specialists recorded the lowest temperature in this state, at 12 degrees Fahrenheit (- 11C) on Mauna Kea. Also, on April 27, 1931, they recorded the highest temperature at – 37.8 C (100 degrees Fahrenheit), measured in Pahala.
#24 Tsunamis have killed more people in these islands than any other natural disaster. For instance, in 1960, a tsunami caused by an earthquake off the coast of Chile that traveled across the Pacific Ocean killed 61 people in Hilo.
#25 Over 12,000 Humpback Whales travel 3,500 miles (5632 kilometers) from Alaska to these islands every year to breed, birth, and nurse their calves. Humpbacks may find the water around these islands suitable due to the underwater visibility, the warm waters, the lack of natural predators, and the variety of ocean depths.
#26 This state is a popular tourist destination, especially for people from the mainland US. Tourists usually take part in activities, like – snorkeling, surfing, and hiking.
#27 The tourism industry contributes to more than $1.7 billion in tax revenues to the state in 2016.
#28 The total daily expenditures for local tourism was approximately $42 million in 2016, supporting about 170,000 jobs.
#29 The locals consume more SPAM (a brand of canned cooked meat produced by Hormel Foods Corporation) than any other US stater. Even Burger King and McDonald’s have Spam items on their menus in this state.
#30 Nicole Kidman, born 20 June 1967 in Honolulu, is one of Hollywood’s well-regarded leading and most beautiful female stars.