Check our list of interesting facts about Hungary:      

1 It is situated in the Carpathian Basin (also known as the Pannonian Basin) and is bordered by Romania and Ukraine to the east,  Slovakia to the north, Slovenia to the southwest, Croatia and Serbia to the south, and Austria to the west.

2 It is one of the oldest countries in Europe. It was founded in 896, before the complete alliance of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, and before Germany and France became separate entities.

3 Budapest, the Hungarian capital, was created in the year 1873 by the unification of three cities: Obuda, Buda, and Pest. With a remarkable 70 million liters of thermal water which rises to the surface daily, it is the city with the highest number of thermal springs in the world.

4 Pest is located on a plain and it’s more businesslike with its avenues, boulevards, and shops. Buda is built on a hill, on the Western bank of the river, and forms the historical part of the city. The capital is bisected by the wonderful river Danube, and the 19th-century Chain Bridge links its flat Pest district with hilly Buda. Buda castle, located in Budapest, is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

5 This country also has approximately 1,500 spas, 450 of which are open to the public. Furthermore, Europe’s biggest underground lake was found under Budapest’s Gellert Hill. Moreover, the world’s biggest thermal lake is in this country: Lake Hevíz, near Lake Balaton.

6 Hungarian language is known as Magyar and is officially one of the most difficult languages to be spoken and learned in the world. This interesting language is not related to any other Central European language, however, it is believed that it belongs to the Finno-Ugric language phylum that includes Estonian and Finnish. In addition, their alphabet is unique because it has some letters in it which are actually composed of more than one letter.

7 As of 2013, 9.897 million people live in this country. Due to the Trianon Treaty (the peace agreement of 1920 to formally end World War I), its population was reduced by 1/3 and the geographical area by 2/3, leaving many Hungarian people as minorities in neighboring countries.

8 The Hungarian flag is made of 3 horizontal stripes – from top to bottom the colors are red, white and green. 20th of August is the day of the foundation of this country and is considered a national holiday.

9 Hungarian Grand Prix in 1986 was the 1st Formula One race to take place behind the Moscow’s shadow (back then, Europe was divided into 2 separate areas). The Hungaroring is 4.381 kilometers long and features 14 turns but the majority are of relatively low-speed.

10 13 Hungarians had received a Nobel prize, this is actually more than China, Japan, Australia, India, or Spain. Nevertheless, all of the laureates were emigrated from this country because of the communist persecution.

11 The International country phone code is +36.

12 There is no official religion in the country but more than half of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholic.

13 There are 8 indigenous grape varieties and 22 different wine regions in this country.

14 It has some small natural resources, such as – coal, bauxite, and natural gas but it has a lot of arable land and fertile soils.

15 They have a long history of inventions and these include – ball point pen, Rubik’s cube, carburetor, krypton and tungsten bulbs.

TOP 10 FACTS ABOUT THE HUNGARIAN PARLIAMENT

Budapest Parliament

16 The Parliament, the largest building in the country, has 20 kilometers of stairs, 691 rooms, and 40 kilograms of 23-carat gold was used for its interior decoration. Although the size of the Parliament building is colossal, if you book a tour, it will last less than one hour.

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17 The Sziget Festival (which translates as “Island”) is one of the largest cultural and musical festivals in Europe. The festival takes place on the Island of Freedom in the center of the capital and is celebrated for seven days.

18 Hortobagy, an 800 km² unique national park, was the first founded in 1973.

19 In this country, you need to name your child from a pre-approved list of names. The government has a list of names and if your name isn’t on the list, you have to either keep a name proposed by the officials or fill the approval form.

20 Saint Elizabeth of Hungary was a 13th-century member of the German and Hungarian royalty who devoted her fortune and life to the service of the poor and sick in the German region of Thuringia.

21 Traditional cuisine includes palacsinta (pancakes), goulash (a soupy stew), stuffed vegetables, and spicy sausages. The national cuisine has been influenced by the Turkish, the Italians, the Germans and the Austrians.

22 Although paprika is a national symbol, the plant was brought in by the Turks in the 16-17th centuries. Moreover, paprika is added to Spanish Chorizo and Portuguese and Turkish stews and soups. The heat of the spice can vary, from hot to mild.

23 Palinka, a traditional drink, is usually drunk from a tulip-shaped little glass to help the smell be more strong during intaking.

Budapest Fast Facts

Budapest at night

24 The country is one of the 30 most popular tourist destinations in the world and attracts more than 10.2 million tourists every year.

25 The climate is continental with cold, humid winters and long, hot summers.

26 The smartest female chess player in recent history, Judit Polgar, has earned the title of Grandmaster at the age of 15 years.

27 George Soros, one of the most successful investors in the world, said that dismissing George W. Bush from the presidency in 2004 was the “central focus of my life.” He also started the Open Society Institute in 1993 as a way to spread his wealth to progressive causes. Furthermore, he hired Dawn Fitzpatrick in 2017 to run his investment portfolio as chief investment officer of Soros Fund Management.

28 Aladar Gerevich, a fencer from Hungary, is regarded as one of the greatest Olympic swordsmen ever. When he was 22 years old, he made his first Olympic appearance at the 1932 Games in Los Angeles, earning his 1st gold medal as a member of the national sabre team. In addition, Aladar Gerevich took the silver medal at the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki and the sabre gold at the 1948 Games in London.

29 This country has three soccer players in the top 6 international goalscorers of the 20th century: Imre Schlosser – 6th with 59 goals from 68 matches, Sandor Kocsis – 3rd with 75 goals from 68 matches and Ferenc Puskas – 1st with 84 goals from 85 matches.

30 Ferenc Puskas is widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time. He was top scorer in Spain four times and has a World Cup silver, an Olympic gold, 5 Spanish championships and a European Cup, and 5 Hungarian league titles.

31 Lake Balaton, the largest lake in central Europe, is a favorite get-away for fans of yachting and lovers of the beach, and families with young children.

References
http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/
http://www.encyclopedia.com/places/germany-scandinavia-and-central-europe/
http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/
http://www.infoplease.com/country/
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/11/19/travel/things-to-know

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