Here is a list of fun and interesting facts about El Salvador:
1 El Salvador is a country in Central America bordering Honduras to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Guatemala to the north. It is the smallest country in Central America (with a total area of 21,041 km2) and the most densely populated country (more than 300 people per square kilometer) in Central America.
2 In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire subjugated this land (by Pedro de Alvarado), incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City.
3 The country gained independence from the Central American Federation in 1839 and from Spain in 1821. Furthermore, the country experienced a harsh civil war from 1979 to 1992. During the civil war, military death squads wiped out entire villages and small towns believed to be helping the guerrilla efforts.
4 According to some estimations, 80,000 people were killed during the civil war and human rights violations by both left-wing guerrillas and the government security forces were rampant.
5 The capital, San Salvador (which literally translates as the “Holy Savior”) covers an area of 72 square kilometers (28 square miles) and has a population of 496,000. The city has a long history, with origins dating back to the Spanish conquest of the Pipil tribes (also known as the Cuzcatlecs, an indigenous people).
6 The capital has held the nickname of ”Hammock Valley” or “Valle de las Hamacas” because of the constant earthquake threat and the many earthquakes the capital has experienced.
7 Santa Ana (with 274,830 inhabitants) is the 2nd largest city in this country and is located 64 kilometers northwest of the capital city. An important processing factory for coffee bean industry is located near this town.
9 Prior to 2001, the official currency was the colon. Presently, the official currency is the United States dollar. The official language in this country is Spanish although some native Indians speak Nahuatl (a language of the Uto-Aztecan languages).
10 The national flag consists of 2 blue horizontal stripes with a white stripe in the middle. In the center of the national flag is a coat of arms which is inscribed with “1821,” representing the year of independence. Furthermore, the blue stripes on the national flag represent unity, while the white stripes represent peace.
11 Coffee beans are the principal crop grown in the country and makes up for 50 percent of the total export revenues. Moreover, it exports textiles, clothing, sugar, chemicals, soap, tobacco products, shrimp, beer, and electricity. This country’s major trading partners are Guatemala, the United States, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Mexico.
12 It has the largest shopping center, named – “Metrocentro Mall,” located in the capital and owned by Grupo Roble. This shopping center was opened in 1970.
13 Christianity is the main religion here. However, Pentecostalism and Mormonism are other important non-catholic faiths as well as Judaism, Islam, and Jehovah’s Witnesses.
14 Cerro El Pital is the highest point in the country, located on the border with Honduras and has a height of 8,957 ft (2,730 m). It has an average annual temperature of 50 °F (10 °C).
15 It is known as the “Land of the Volcanoes” because this country is on a remarkable volcanic plateau that reaches about 607 m (2,000 ft) high. There are more than 20 volcanoes, but the most active are Izalco (one of the youngest volcanoes in the Americas and the youngest in the country) and San Miguel (better known as Chaparrastique).
16 Joya de Ceren (Jewel of Ceren in Spanish) is a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is a pre-Hispanic village which was buried after a massive eruption of the Laguna Caldera volcano.
18 Corn is the main ingredient in the national cuisine. Popular foods made from corn are – pupusa (a thick handmade corn flour stuffed with cheese, chicharron, and refried beans), tamales, tortillas, corn beer, and corn porridge. Other dishes include atol de elote, pavo salvadoreno, semita, and quesadilla.
20 In 1998, Hurricane Mitch devastated this area, leaving 30,000 homeless and 200 dead. Furthermore, in 2013, the government identified 37 municipalities with acute malnutrition. Presently, more than 50,250 children participate in more than 200 child development centers.
21 The biggest earthquake (measured at 7.6 on the Richter Scale) in these lands was experienced on January 13, 2001.
22 It maintains an embassy in the US at 1400 16th Street NW, Washington, DC.
23 It has two seasons. One season, named the rainy season, starts in May and ends in October. The other season, called the dry season, starts in November and ends in April. The average temperature in this country is between 29 degrees Centigrade and 19 degrees Centigrade.
24 It is one of the only countries to go to war with Honduras (or any other country) over a soccer game. The country’s national soccer team has been to the FIFA World Cup twice but has never won the event. The first time the national soccer team qualified for the FIFA world championship was in 1982 when they beat out Mexico for the qualifiers.
25 Chief Atlacatl (which translates as “human being”) is reputed to have been the name of the last ruler of an indigenous state based around the city of Cuzcatlan.