Here are some fun and interesting facts about Suriname:
#1 Formerly known as Netherlands Guiana, Nederlands Guyana, or Dutch Guiana, Suriname is a small country in South America.
#2 It became a Dutch colony in 1667 and after deciding to leave the Kingdom of Netherlands, it became an independent state on November 25, 1975.
#3 It lies on the northeast coast of South America, with French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, and Brazil to the south.The boundaries with Guyana and French Guiana are under dispute.
#4 About fifty percent of this country’s population lives in Paramaribo, the capital city. Paramaribo has an estimated population of 250,000 and is located on the banks of a river. It also lies 15 km (9 miles) from the Atlantic Ocean.
#5 The capital built-up urban land area measures 78 square kilometers (30 square miles), including nearby communities plus municipal city limits.
#6 The historic center of the capital is believed to be one of the most culturally impressive areas in this part of the continent. In addition, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
#7 It is the smallest country in South America with a total area of 163,821 km².
#8 The official language is Dutch, as this is the language that is taught in schools but they also usually speak Sranan Tongo (a local dialect better know as Taki-Taki), English and Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi). This small country is the only territory outside Netherlands where the Dutch language is spoken by a large part of the population.
#9 This country is considered one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the South America. There are various ethnic groups living here: Hindustani, Javanese, Creole communities, Maroons, Chinese, and Amerindians. However, the majority of the people are descended from African slaves, Javanese, and Indian contracted laborers brought over by the Dutch to work in agriculture.
#10 It has an estimated population of 539,276 in 2013.
#11 There is no state or dominant religion, and religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution. Nevertheless, the majority of the people in this country are Roman Catholics, Protestants, Hindus, and Muslims.
#12 The international dialing code for the country is +597.
#13 The main industry in this country is bauxite, that is an aluminum ore which is exported to the United States and other major countries around the world. Other mineral deposits include manganese, iron ore, gold, nickel, uranium, and platinum.
#14 The currency used is the Surinamese Dollar.
#15 Education is compulsory between ages 6 and 12. Higher education is free. The principal university in this South American country is the Anton de Kom university which has faculties of economics, law, social sciences, and medicine.
#16 According to recent statistics compiled by UNICEF, the estimated literacy rate in this country is 91 percent.
#17 More than 80% of this country is covered in tropical rain forests, that contains a great diversity of fauna and flora.
#18 Endangered species in this country include five species of turtle (green sea, South American river, olive ridley, hawksbill, and leatherback), the tundra peregrine falcon, the spectacled caiman, and the Caribbean manatee.
#19 It experiences a rather wet and hot tropical climate thanks to its location near the equator.
#20 There are two main rainy seasons (April to August, December to January) and two main dry seasons (August to November, February to March). However, November is usually the hottest month.
#21 The Jules Wijdenbosch Bridge is one of the most remarkable landmarks in this country. Furthermore, the Van Asch Van Wijck Mountains and the Bakhuys Mountains are the 2 important mountain ranges.
#22 Raleighvallen Nature Reserve is home to a vast number of birds and monkeys.
#23 The life expectancy in the country is 70.81 years in 2012.
#24 At a height of 1,230 meters, Juliana Top is the highest point in the country.
#25 Presently, the only real national dish is rice and chicken. However, the most frequent dishes served are roti (an Indian flatbread), cassava, and spicy peppers. You can also find tropical fruits, like papayas, pineapples, coconuts, and mangoes. Okra, beans, and Boulanger are a few examples of vegetables used in this part of the world.
#26 The flag of the country consists of 5 horizontal stripes and it was chosen after a nationally held flag design competition.
#27 There are over 200,000 people that travel to this country every year.
#28 When traveling in this country, it is recommended to avoid mosquito bites to prevent malaria. More importantly, if you arrive at Johan Adolf Pengel International Airport in Paramaribo, when you visit this country, you actually don’t need a visa.
#29 Nieuw Nickerie village has been moved twice because of erosion. Currently, Nieuw Nickerie is protected by a sea wall.
#30 In 1989, the military regime replaced the previous civilian government. In 1991, a democratical government returned to lead the country. On July 19, 2010, Dési Bouterse (former dictator) returned to power when he was elected as the new President of Suriname. In addition, Dési Bouterse was reelected on July 14, 2015.
#31 It has an estimated GDP of 5.299 billion USD in 2013.
#32 Clarence Seedorf is born in this country.
#33 Jules Ajodhia is a famous politician and poet from this country.