Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. Per capita, it is the richest country in the European Union as well as being one of its smallest.

Here are 33 fun and interesting facts about Luxembourg:

#1 The capital city of this country is Luxembourg City with a population of approximately 90,000. Nearly one-third of the city’s surface is shaped by beautifully landscaped green spaces; this might be the reason why the city is frequently referred to as the green heart of Europe.

#2 The capital’s most magnificent architectural wonder is the Notre Dame Cathedral. This Gothic-style church contains numerous marvelous elements and adornments of the Renaissance era.

#3 Palais Grand-Ducal is the most elegant area in the city. Constructed between 1572 and 1574, it was once the residence of the Grand Ducal family.

#4 The capital was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994.

#5 A population of 588,000 people lives in this country with 44.5 percent of foreign nationality and 55.5 percent Luxembourgers and female population – 50.2 percent and male population – 49.8 percent.

#6 This country covers 2,586 square kilometers of land, making it the 27th in EU and 180th largest nation in the world, in terms of land area.

#7 It shares international borders with Germany to the east, Belgium to the north and west, and France to the south.

#8 The country is a Constitutional Monarchy. The legal system is influenced by French practice.

#9 The flag consists of 3 horizontal stripes, red, white and blue, and can be in 3:5 or 1:2 ratio. Furthermore, the colors of the flag were first adopted around 1830.

#10 The currency is the Euro (EUR).

#11 This country joined North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1949 and also has a small volunteer army.

#12 When the European Union was created in 1993, the country assumed an active role.

#13 Luxembourgish is the national official language of this country, although French and German are also considered administrative languages.

#14 The country’s only domestic source of power is the hydroelectricity that is obtained from several dams on its rivers. However, it is not sufficient to provide the required electricity to cover the present national demand.

#15 It has a mild climate with considerable precipitation. Warm weather can usually be expected from May to September.

#16 The most decisive influence on the nation’s cultural traditions is its location between the Germanic and French culture realms.

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#17 The majority of the population belong to Catholic Church (96.9 percent). Nevertheless, there are also other religions practiced, like – protestants or jews.

#18 The tourism in this small country is a crucial component of the national economy, representing about 8.3 percent of GDP with Parc Merveilleux, Bettembourg beeing the most visited national tourist attractions.

#19 The dialing code is 352.Luxembourg Maps, History, Geography, Culture, Government, Facts

#20 The GDP – Gross Domestic Product was worth 57.79 billion US dollars in 2015. About 1/3 of GDP is spent on social welfare programs, like free health care. The minimum wage is 1922.96 EUR per month.

#21 Its cuisine is said to combine the heartiness of German food with the finesse of French cooking. Specific foods include Judd matt Gaardebou`nen, pike in Riesling sauce, Thuringer, friture de la Moselle, or Luxembourg ham.

#22 National Day is celebrated on June 23rd and the national animal is a red lion.

#23 Life expectancy at birth is 82.3 years. In comparison with other countries of the EU, it is in the top group in terms of life expectancy.

#24 There are 1300 police soldiers and 2 police stations in this country.

#25 It is one of the safest in the world according to reports. However, when it comes to homicides, the capital is the 3rd most dangerous capital in Europe ranking behind Vilnius and Tallinn.

#26 In February 2008, the Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies adopted a law which made euthanasia and assisted suicide legal.

#27 It is the most important private banking center in the European Union and the world’s 2nd largest investment fund center.

#28 The number of banks in this country was 144 (41 are branches of foreign banks) in March 2016.

#29 The University of Luxembourg is the only public university in this tiny country and it was founded on August 13th, 2003. It is focused on ICT and computational sciences, European law, educational sciences, systems biomedicine, and finance.

#30 His Royal Highness Grand Duke Henri is probably the most famous people in the country.

#31 It has 2 Olympic medallist- Joseph Alzin (1920) and Josy Barthel (1952).

#32 Football is the most popular sport in the country. The national team is overseen by the Federation Luxembourgeoise de Football and is nicknamed d’Leiwen (“The Lions”).

#33 The national motto is ”Mir wëlle bleiwe, war mir sin,” which translates as “We want to remain what we are.”