Here are the top interesting facts about Zimbabwe:
#1 It is a landlocked country in south-central Africa which is bordered by Botswana to the southwest and west, South Africa to the south, Mozambique to the northeast and east, and Zambia to the northwest.
#2 The name of the country has been derived from “Dzimba dza mabwe,” that literally translates as “great houses of stone” in the Shona language.
#3 From 1885, Europeans colonists like Cecil Rhodes (a British mining magnate, businessman, and politician) started to exploit the rich natural resources of these lands. European settlers voted to become the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923.
#4 This nation became independent when Prime Minister Ian Smith announced the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965. The first president after the independence was Canaan Banana (from 18 April 1980 until 31 December 1987) in what was mainly a ceremonial role as Head of State.
#5 The leader of this country, Robert Mugabe (1924-) is one of the longest-serving and most infamous African rulers. Despite his age, Robert Mugabe shows no intention of stepping down. For instance, Mugabe reaffirmed his intention to lead the country, saying that he would stand again in 2018 general elections. Interestingly, in 2007, the University of Edinburgh withdraws the honorary degree it awarded Robert Mugabe in 1984 for his contribution to education in Africa.
#6 The capital city of this country is Harare (previously known as Salisbury). In 1982, the name of the capital was changed to Harare, naming this city after the Shona chieftain Neharawe.
#7 In 1890, this capital was founded as ”Salisbury” in honor of British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury by the Pioneer Column, a small military force in the service of the British South Africa Company.
#8 The capital lies at an elevation of 1,483 meters (4,865 feet) and has a temperate climate. After 14 years of on-off construction, in 2010, Harare’s Joina City Tower was finally opened and was marketed as Harare’s new Pride.
#9 The nation’s life expectancy, 45 for women and 46 for men, is one of the lowest in the world. It is considered to be due to the HIV/AIDS epidemic and poverty. Also, more than fifty percent of the people in this country are below the age of 21.
#10 About 17.3% of all children between the ages of 2 and 6 years receive the recommended minimum of minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients.
#11 Almost one-third of children under age 5 in this country have heights too low for their age, mainly due to chronic malnutrition.
#12 The Victoria Falls are one of the world’s most spectacular and biggest waterfalls. In 1958, the power of the Victoria Falls was the highest ever flow recorded, when it reached approximately 700,000 cubic meters of water per minute. The local name for the Vitoria Falls is ”Mosi-oa-Tunya,” which translates as ”the Smoke that Thunders.” The noise of this fantastic waterfall can be heard as far as 40 kilometers away.
#13 The Balancing Rocks are geomorphological features of igneous rocks that are found in numerous parts of this country, especially near the township of Epworth and Matopos National Park.
#14 At 8,504 ft (2,592 m), Mount Nyangani (former Mount Inyangani) is the highest mountain in this country. It can be found in Nyanga National Park in Nyanga District, that is approximately 171 miles (275 kilometers) northwest of Mutare.
#15 After the Nile, Congo, and Niger Rivers, the Zambezi is the 4th longest river in Africa. It also forms the Victoria Water Falls.
#16 Mana Pools National Park is located in the extreme north of this African country and is an integral part of the Parks and Wildlife Estate.
#17 Hwange National Park is the most abundant natural reserve in these lands. Hwange National Park lies in the west, on the primary road between Bulawayo and the Victoria Falls and near Dete.
#18 Lake Kariba is the world’s biggest man-made reservoir and lake by volume. It can be found 1300 kilometers upstream from the Indian Ocean.
#19 In this nation, customary marriages can only be dissolved by death and not divorce and are potentially polygamous.
#20 These lands are considered to be the location of Ophir, the lands from which King Solomon, a wise king of Israel, got gold and ivory.
#21 This country has won 8 Olympic medals, seven by swimmer Kirsty Coventry and one by the field hockey team.
#22 It has 16 official languages which include – Chibarwe, Chewa, Kalanga, English, Nambya, Koisan, IsiNdebele, Ndau, Shona, Shangani, Tonga, SeSotho, TshiVenda, Tswana, and IsiXhosa.
#23 Most Zimbabweans work in the field of agriculture, such as – poultry, cattle, pigs, millet, vegetables, maize, sorghum, cassava, rice, tea, groundnuts, coffee, wheat, cotton, timber, or sugar cane.
#24 In 2016, this country exported an estimated US$2.8 billion worth of goods worldwide. According to the International Trade Centre, the highest-value exports include gold, tobacco, ferroalloys, nickel, sugar, diamonds, and platinum.