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15 Interesting Facts About Pico de Orizaba Volcano And Its Location & Last Eruption

15 Interesting Facts About Pico de Orizaba Volcano And Its Location & Last Eruption

Here Are The Top 15 Fun & Interesting Facts About Pico de Orizaba Volcano:

#1 Volcano Pico de Orizaba, also known as Citlaltépetl Volcano, is a stratovolcano (which means that it is a composite volcano made of a number of layers) which last erupted in the 19th century.

#2 This mountain was most likely formed during three main stages starting at the beginning of the middle-Pleistocene (from 781,000 to 126,000 years ago).

#3 With an altitude of more than 18,490.5 feet, it is the 3rd high mountain in North America after Mt Logan (the highest mountain in Canada and the second-highest peak in North America) and Mt McKinley (the highest mountain peak in North America, with a summit elevation of 20,310 feet).

#4 It is the 2nd most prominent volcanic peak in the world after Africa’s Mount Kilimanjaro (part of the Kilimanjaro National Park, it has three volcanic cones – “Mawenzi”, “Kibo”, and “Shira”).

Location

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PicoOrizaba.jpg

#5 It rises on the southern edge of the Mexican Plateau, on the border between the states of Puebla and Veracruz, approximately 100 kilometers (60 miles) east of the city of Puebla. It is the only volcano in this area with historic activity.

#6 On December 16, 1936, President Lazaro Cardenas (noted for his efforts to carry out the social and economic aims) created a national park (called – The Parque Nacional Pico de Orizaba) around this remarkable volcano. The national park also includes several adjacent settlements.

#7 The volcano is visible on a clear day from the city of Veracruz and the Gulf of Mexico more than 60 miles to the east. 

Last Eruption

Image credit – https://www.flickr.com/photos/ignativss/24104011972

#8 It has been dormant since 1687. The latest eruptions of the volcano were in 1545, 1566, 1630, and 1687.

Climbing Difficulty

#9 The volcano is a popular climb for commercial and independent groups from the United States and around the world. Also, many climbers use it to test their bodies at high altitude.

#10 The first recorded ascent is in 1848 by U.S. soldiers G. Maynard and William Raynolds.

#11 The glaciers on this volcano are relatively non-technical, with few crevasses, and the ascent to 18,491′ is fairly straight-forward. The usually recommended equipment includes:

  • rappel device;
  • harness;
  • rope;
  • ice ax;
  • crampons;
  • helmet.

#12 If you plan to climb this mountain in the dry season, it is recommended to schedule your trek sometime between November and April.

#13 According to statistics, about 70 percent of the climbers fail to go all the way. The main reason is that many climbers fail to cope with the effects of high altitude.

Deaths

#14 It is estimated that approximately 60 people have died climbing this volcano.

#15 One of the latest victims was a member of the United States diplomatic mission who has died in February 2018 after climbing the Pico de Orizaba mountain.

Other High Volcanoes In Mexico

Popocatépetl

It is an active stratovolcano which is located in the states of Morelos, in Central Mexico, and Puebla, Mexico.

The perpetually snowcapped of Popocatépetl rises to an elevation of 5,465 meters (17,930 feet). The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a 250 to 450 m deep crater.

On May 8, 2013, an earthquake shook this volcanic peak into life. In April 2018, thick smoke has started again to spew from the volcano just 20 days after Mexico City was shaken by a 7.5 magnitude earthquake, leading to an eruption.

Iztaccihuatl

It is a 17,160 feet (5,230 m) dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the Puebla and State of Mexico.

It is actually a stratovolcano made of layers of flow breccias, viscous lava flows, and tephra. Dacite and andesite are the common rock types.

This volcano has the profile of a sleeping woman when seen from the Valley of Mexico, that gave it its name – “Woman in White.” It last erupted in 1868.

Nevado de Toluca

México’s fourth highest peak, Nevado de Toluca rises above the Toluca basin approximately 80 km west of Mexico City. It is commonly called by the Nahuatl name of ”Xinantecatl,” which translates as ”The Naked Lord.”

It measures 4,565 meters (14,977 feet) high, in the crater of which there are 2 lakes which reflect clouds and glaciers.

Nevado de Toluca and the surrounding area is now a protected national park, however, it is been a place of cultural importance since indigenous times.

A unique characteristic of this volcano is that one can drive into the crater.

La Malinche

La Malinche mountain, also referred to as Matlalcueye or Malintzin, is an inactive volcano (dormant for the last 3,100 years) which is located in Puebla and Tlaxcala states, in Mexico.

It rises to an elevation of 14,636 feet (4,461 meters) above sea level and lies within a tectonically active region with current and historically active volcanoes, called the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.

References

https://www.britannica.com/place/Volcano-Pico-de-Orizaba

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