Here are the top 25 weird, interesting, and fun facts about Colombia:
#1 It is bordered on the north-east by Venezuela, on the north by the Caribbean Sea, on the south-west by Ecuador and Peru, on the south-east by Brazil, on the north-west by Panama, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
#3 There are more than 300 beaches that tourists and locals can take advantage of to see all of the natural beauty. Also, it is the only American nation which is named after Christopher Columbus, an Italian navigator, explorer, and colonizer.
#4 Founded in 1525, Santa Marta was the first Spanish settlement in this country. In 1538, the Spanish conquistadors established the colony of New Granada, and this name remains until 1861. On July 20, 1810, it gained independence from Spain, plus, the locals celebrate Independence Day as a national holiday each July 20.
#5 About 99.2 percent of Colombians speak Spanish, and 65 Amerindian languages, the Romani language, and two Creole languages are also spoken in these lands. In addition, English has an official status in Providencia, the archipelago of San Andrés and Santa Catalina.
#6 The peso is the official currency. On November 26, 1861, the national flag was adopted and consists of a horizontal tricolor of yellow, blue and red.
#7 It is the capital of the country and is the 2nd largest capital city in South America (with a population of approximately 9,765,000 in 2015). Also, at 8661 ft (2640m), it is one of the highest capital cities in the world.
#8 With many libraries and universities, this city has become known as “The Athens of South America.” Moreover, one of its main tourist attractions is Tequendama Falls, located about 32 km (20 miles) south of the city and at 157-metre (515-foot) in the municipality of Soacha.
#9 Medellin, an active nucleus of the nation, is located in the Aburrá Valley and is the capital of the state of Antioquia. After a popular vote in 2013, the Urban Land Institute (a nonprofit education and research organization) awarded Medellín with the Innovative City of the Year award.
#10 As of 2017, the city has an estimated population of 2.5 million, according to the National Administrative Department of Statistics. The tap water in this town is probably the best quality in the country and is potable. Additionally, the streets are clean, and everywhere you go you will feel super safe.
#11 Coffee production contributes to more than one-fifth of the revenue of this country. It grows best in volcanic soil, at altitudes of around 1,500 meters, in places that receive approximately ninety inches of rain per year.
#12 During significant national events, like the World Cup and elections, local governments will impose a short-term ban on alcohol consumption to avoid needless violence in the streets between rival supporters.
#13 It is mandatory for public television and radio in this country to play the national anthem daily at 6 pm and 6 am.
#14 The drug trade in this country is worth US$10 billion and represents 25 percent of the country’s legal exports.
#15 In a population of 48,65 million (2016), 64 percent of the population live below the poverty line.
#16 The national bird is the Vultur gryphus (Andean Condor), which has been known to attack living prey and holds the title as the heaviest bird capable of flight on the planet. Also, it is a highly endangered species in this country. However, it can be visible on treks into the mountains.
#17 This country is rich in natural resources, such as – natural gas, petroleum, iron ore, coal, gold, nickel, emeralds, copper, and hydropower. The GDP growth averaged 4.7 percent for the last 10 years, growth fell to nearly 2 percent in 2016.
#18 72 percent of the country’s land mass has been declared protected. This represents more than 50 percent of most other South American countries.
#19 People in this country not only felt the happiest but almost 100 percent more than the global average, as per a 2012 poll by WIN/Gallup International.
#20 It is the 2nd most biodiverse country in the world, after Brazil, that is 10 times its size, and includes – raccoons, puma, tapir, mustelids, deer, peccary, sloths, large tropical rodents, opossums, anteaters, and various types of monkey. Furthermore, it has about 43,000 plant species, which is equivalent to almost 20 percent of total global species.
#21 The pacemaker (a device which is placed in the abdomen or chest to help control abnormal heart rhythms) is a local invention which has saved many lives. It was invented by Jorge Reynolds, a bio-engineer.
#22 Shakira, born and raised in Barranquilla, is a hugely popular pop singer who is known for the hits “Hips Don’t Lie,” ”Waka Waka,” and “Whenever, Wherever.” She has won 12 Grammy and Latin Grammy Awards, and 4 American Music Awards, and was nominated for a Golden Globe.
#23 Pablo Escobar, born in Antioquia on Dec 11th, 1949 to a peasant farmer and teacher, showed an inclination for crime from an early age. By the early 1990s, Pablo was considered the wealthiest criminal in history, with an estimated net worth of US $30 billion.
#24 Sofía Vergara, born July 10, 1972, in Barranquilla, Atlántico, is renowned for her Emmy-nominated role as Gloria Delgado-Pritchett on ABC’s ”Modern Family.”
#25 Juan Pablo Montoya, born in 1975 in Bogotá, was a race car driver who recorded more than 50 finishes in the top 10.