Here Are Fun And Interesting Facts About Guatemala:
#1 It is bounded on the south-east by El Salvador and Honduras, on the east by Amatique Bay, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea, on the north and north-west by Mexico, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean.
#2 This country has a coastline along the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean of about 249 miles (400 kilometers) and a total boundary length of 1,297 miles (2,087 km).
#3 Evidence of human life in this region dates back to 12,000 BC. Furthermore, it was the hub of the Maya civilization. Therefore, around fifty percent of the population in the country are direct descendants of the Maya people.
#4 In the 16th century, the majority of the country was conquered by the Spanish conquistadors, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Plus, when the Spanish came, they forced (they enslaved them) the locals to work on large plantations. The 1st Spanish settlement in these lands was in Iximché, but an earthquake destroyed this city.
#5 The name of this country comes from the Nahuatl word ”Cuauhtēmallān” (that literally translates as “place of many trees”). As an interesting fact, even in the present days, this country has the largest protected tree reserves in all of Central America.
#6 Guatemala City, with a population of about of 2.7 million in the metropolitan area, is the capital city. The total land area of this capital is 692 kilometers (267 square miles).
#7 It is situated approximately 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) above sea level, in the Sierra Madre, 80 km (50 miles) north of the Pacific coast. It is a vibrant and fast-paced city, which blends the old and new as well as it possesses a distinct Latin charm.
#8 Points of interest include the historical and archaeological museums, the remarkable concrete relief map of the country in Minerva Park, the central market, the colonial aqueduct, and Olympic City that was built in 1950 for the Central American Olympic Games.
#9 The city of Antigua, the former capital of this country, is located in-between 3 huge volcanoes; namely, Fuego, Agua, and Acatenango.
#10 The quetzal is the national currency, and it is named after the national bird. Also, in ancient Mayan times, the feathers of this bird were used as currency. U.S. dollars are usually accepted in many tourist area stores and in larger hotels, nevertheless, they commonly give pretty bad exchange rates.
#11 Spanish is the official language; however, there are 21 different Mayan dialects. September 15th is Independence Day and is a celebration of the country’s independence from Spain which was on September 15th, 1821. The National Anthem was originally written by José Joaquín Palma, a Cuban.
#12 This country produces more jade (an ornamental rock, mostly known for its green varieties) than anywhere in the world.
#13 It boasts 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Mayan ruins of Tikal (the ruin of an ancient city), Antigua Guatemala, and the ruins of Quiriguá.
#14 The highest mountain in the country is the Tajamulco volcano, part of the mountain range of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas. It has an altitude of more than 14000 ft. (4500 meters).
#15 The three active volcanoes (Fuego, Pacaya, and Santiaguito) are so active that there are almost 100 percent chances for you to witness lava flow or an explosion just by visiting the area. Several other famous volcanoes, like Mt. Akatenago near Antigua and Mt. San Pedro at Lake Atitlan, are frequently climbed by adventurous tourists.
#16 Lake Atitlan (in the Sierra Madre mountain range) is believed to be 300 meters (900 feet) deep and is the deepest lake in Central America. Also, it covers 125 square kilometers (48 square miles).
Tikal National Park
#17 Tikal National Park is home to thousands of hectares of pure forest as well as to the Mayan archaeological ruins. It is considered one of the country’s most famous tourist attractions.
#18 Rio Dulce, also referred as “a one of a kind cultural and ecological heritage of humanity,” is the home of one of the largest and remarkable bridges in Central America. Also, it is an attractive area to for many tourists due to its capability for sailing through the Caribbean.
#19 Semuc Champey, located approximately 11 km from the town of Lanquín, is an incredible natural monument in the center of the Mayan world.
#20 It has one of the highest murder rates in the world due to the high levels of organized crime.
#21 The location between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea makes this area a frequent target for hurricanes, like – Hurricane Stan (which killed more than 1,500 people) in October 2005 and Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
#22 According to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, about 50 percent of the population is under age 19.
#23 More than 60 percent of the population does not know how to write and read.
#24 Ron Centenario Zacapa, a premium and amazing rum produced in this country, is the winner of a Platinum medal and it was the 1st rum to be included in the International Rum Festival’s Hall of Fame.
References https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gt.html http://wikitravel.org/en/ https://www.lonelyplanet.com/