Here Are Top 37 Interesting Facts About Libya:

#1 It borders Tunisia and Algeria to the west, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Niger and Chad to the south, and Sudan and Egypt to the East.

#2 The country has been inhabited by Berbers (an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa) since the late Bronze Age.

#3 The total land area of the nation is 1,759,540 square kilometers (679,358 square miles).

#4 As of January 1, 2018, the population of Libya was estimated to be 6,470,956 people. Approximately 97 percent of the population are Muslims, the majority of whom belong to the Sunni branch. The Sunnis recognize the 6 “sound” books of Hadith, that contain the spoken tradition attributed to Muhammad.

#5 About 35 percent of the population is under 15 years of age with another 4 percent of the population being over 65 years of age.

#6 This country was under foreign rule for hundreds of years until it gained independence in 1951.

Oil Reserves

#7 It has an estimated oil reserve of over 48 billion barrels, making it one of the top oil-rich countries worldwide. Oil reserves in the are the largest in Africa.

#8 Libya began exporting oil in 1961. The majority (about 85 percent) of the extracted oil is exported to European markets. It typically pumps approximately 1.6 million barrels per day.

#9 Its oil industry is run by the state-owned National Oil Corporation, that is responsible for implementing production and exploration as well as sharing agreements with international oil companies.

#10 In June 2018, the biggest oil port in the country has suffered “catastrophic damage” following a few days of clashes between militias.

King Idris

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:King_Idris_I_of_Libya.png

#11 In World War II, King Idris formed an alliance with the British in their North African campaign to end Italian occupation.

#12 King Idris, the only kind in Libya’s entire history, reigned from 1951 until he was overthrown by Gaddafi in 1969.

#13 After King Idris had fled the country, the Libyan Revolutionary Command Council headed by Muammar Gaddafi abolished the monarchy and established the Libyan Arab Republic.

Muammar Gaddafi

#14 Colonel Gaddafi ruled from 1969 to 2011, when a civil war toppled him.

#15 In 1988, he was accused of bombing a Pan Am jumbo jet over Lockerbie, Scotland.

#16 The Green Book was his handbook for political theory and had first been distributed in 1975.

#17 His Green Book expressed – “The house is a fundamental need of both the individual and the family, along these lines it ought not to be possessed by others.”

#18 During his reign, Libya had its own State bank, that provided loans to citizens at 0% interest by law.

#19 When a Libyan woman gave birth, she was given about $5000.

#20 This nation had no external debt and its reserves amount to $150 billion. Also, there were no electricity bills since electricity was free for all its citizens.

#21 According to a report, this African country was invaded due to fears that Gaddafi would establish a pan-African currency based on the country’s gold Dinar.

#22 On October 20, 2011, after months on the run, Gaddafi was killed in his hometown of Sirte.

The Capital City – Tripoli

#23 Tripoli, located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea in north-western Libya, is the capital of this African country.

#24 The city was founded by the Phoenicians on a rocky promontory. It covers an area of 400 square kilometers (154.4 square miles) and has a population of 1,142,000 in 2018.

#25 The Arabic name for ”Tripoli” is Tarabulus.

Bikku Bitti

#26 It is located in southern part of the country, near the Chadian border. Bikku Bitti is the highest mountain in the country at 7,434 feet (2,266 meters).

The Libyan Desert

#27 It is one of the most sun-baked and arid places on Earth. The desert covers an area of about 420,000 square miles (1,100,000 square kilometers).

#28 The desert is located in the northeastern portion of the Sahara (the world’s largest hot desert and covers most of northern Africa), extending from eastern Libya through southwestern Egypt into the northwest of Sudan.

Great Manmade River Project

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ManMadeRiverLibya-7A.jpg

#29 It is an amazing network of pipes which supplies the much-needed water to this African nation, from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System fossil aquifer (the world’s biggest fossil water aquifer system). It was the world’s largest irrigation project.

#30 Since 1996, the Great Manmade River Project has supplied drinking water and irrigation to farming areas and populous cities in the north of Libya.

#31 In July 2011, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization bombed the Great Man-Made River water supply pipeline near Brega (a complex of several smaller towns) including a factory which produces the pipes.

Ghadamès

#32 It is an oasis Berber town in the Nalut District of the Tripolitania region in northwestern Libya.

#33 Archaeological research suggests that Ghadames is the oldest habitable medina in the entire Sahara.

The Red Castle Museum

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Red_Castle.jpg

#34 The Red Castle Museum, also known as the Archaeological Museum of Tripoli, is a national museum in this nation. The Red Castle Museum is located in the historic building known as the Red Castle.

#35 It was founded in the year 1919 when the Italians had converted a central part of the Red Castle into a museum.

Cyrene

#36 Cyrene is a city that was founded c. 631 BC by a group of emigrants from the island of Thera in the Aegean.

#37 Cyrene prospered during the reign of Emperor Battus IV. Moreover, in 460 BC, Cyrene became a Republic.

References

https://www.theguardian.com/world/libya
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13754897
https://www.nytimes.com/topic/destination/libya

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