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31 Interesting Facts About Mali, West Africa and Its Capital – Bamako

31 Interesting Facts About Mali, West Africa and Its Capital - Bamako

Here Are Top 31 Fun & Interesting Facts About Mali, West Africa:

#1 It is the 8th-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 480,000 square miles (1,240,000 square kilometers).

#2 This African country is bordered by Niger in the east, by Algeria in the north, by Guinea in the south-west, by Cote d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso in the south, and by Mauritania and Senegal in the west.

#3 It was once part of 3 famed West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade in salt, slaves, gold and other important commodities.

#4 Rock paintings found in the region of Timbuktu and Gao suggest that this region was inhabited even 50,000 ago.

#5 After gaining its sovereignty from France, Mali became an independent state in 1960. Locals celebrate Independence Day as a public holiday on every September 22.

#6 After military intervention by France, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (a previous Prime Minister) won a 5-year term as president in 2013.

#7 On June 18, 2017, there was a terrorist attack at Le Campement Resort, Kangaba, that resulted in multiple casualties.

#8 The country ranks 175th out of 188 countries on the UN Human Development Index.

#9 It is one of the world’s 25 poorest countries. However, over the past years, Malian gross domestic product increased at around 6 percent. Agriculture is the primary economic sector, with camel and cattle herding, cotton production, and fishing among other important activities.

#10 The population of Mali is 19,107,706 (2018) and the nation has a density of 18 people per square kilometer.  The majority of its population lives in the country’s southern region.

The Capital City – Bamako

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bamako_night_hills_may_2007.jpg

#11 It is located in the southwestern corner of the country, along the banks of the Niger River. It is an important river port founded at the end of the 16th century. It constitutes the capital of the republic since 1960.

#12 The current population is around 1.7 million and is the largest city in the country. In 2006, Bamako was estimated to be the sixth-fastest in the world and the fastest-growing city in Africa.

Timbuktu

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Barth_1858_Timbuktu_from_terrace.jpg

#13 It is a city located on the sands of the Sahara Desert. It was founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp. For centuries, this city was a center of scholarly study in the Islamic world. Under the Songhai empire (a state which dominated the western Sahel in the 15th century), Timbuktu became a great Muslim educational center, with about 180 Quranic universities and schools.

#14 Because 333 saints were laid to rest in the city, Timbuktu is also referred to as the “City of 333 Saints.”

#15 In 1824, there was a reward of 10,000 francs for any individual who successfully traveled and returned from this city.

Official Language

#16 French is the official language, however, Bambara is the most commonly spoken language in the nation.

Djinguereber Mosque

#17 It is a famous learning center that was built in 1327. It is located at the western corner of the Timbuktu and is almost entirely built in banco, that is used for mud bricks and rendering.

#18 In 2010, during Mawlid, a stampede at the Djinguereber mosque killed 26 people and injured 55 others- mostly children and women.

Mount Hombori Tondo

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hombori_Tondo.jpg

#19 At 1,153 meters, it is the highest point in the country. In addition, it is an important archaeological site, with caves inhabited about 2,200 years ago.

Adrar des Ifoghas

#20 The Adrar des Ifoghas is a massif that is located in the Kidal Region. Adrar des Ifoghas has an area of approximately 97,000 square miles (250,000 square kilometers). Recently, it has become popular for hiking.

Boucle du Baoulé National Park

#21 Along with Fina Faunal Reserve to the south, Badinko Faunal Reserve to the southwest, and Kongossambougou Faunal Reserve to the northeast, Boucle du Baoulé National Park is part of the UNESCO “Bouce Du Baoule Biosphere Reserve.”

#22 This national park is situated in the western part of the country and has an area of about 25,330 km². June and February are the best time to observe fauna. Also, the African antelope is found within the Boucle du Baoulé National Park, as well as monkeys, giraffes, and warthogs.

Festival Au Désert (The Festival in the Desert)

#23 Created in January 2001, this festival is held every year in the north part of the country, commonly in Essakane. It is a celebration of Islamic African people, featuring world music and traditional Tuareg music.

#24 Unfortunately, due to violence from separatist extremists, Festival Au Désert has not been held in recent years in its original form.

The Bandiagara Escarpment

Image credit – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bandiagara_escarpment_1.jpg

#25 It is a sandstone cliff, about 500 meters high which expands for approximately 150 km, with sandy semi-desert plains below and a high plateau above. It is located in the Dogon country.

Great Mosque of Djenné

#26 It is an adobe building or a large banco which is thought by numerous esteemed architects to be one of the amazing achievements of the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style (indigenous architectural styles common to the African people).

#27 The Great Mosque of Djenné is the world’s largest building to be constructed with mud brick and was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Niger Inland Delta

Image credit – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niger_River

#28 It is an area of lakes, fluvial wetlands, and floodplains in the semi-arid Sahel area of the central part of the country. It is actually the inland delta of the Niger River (the main river of West Africa).

#29 Niger Inland Delta floods every year from September to December.

Tomb of Askia

#30 It is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was built at the end of the 15th century. It is thought to be the burial place of Muḥammad Ture (a military leader who usurped the throne of the Songhai empire).

#31 Tomb of Askia bears testimony to the riches and power of the Songhai empire which flourished in the 15th century through its complete control of the trans-Saharan trade.

References

https://www.britannica.com/place/Mali
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13881370
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ml.html

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